What is benzylpenicillin used for?

What is benzylpenicillin used for?

Benzylpenicillin is indicated for most wound infections, pyogenic infections of the skin, soft tissue infections and infections of the nose, throat, nasal sinuses, respiratory tract and middle ear, etc.

How do you administer benzylpenicillin?

High doses should be administered by intravenous injection or infusion, with intravenous doses in excess of 1.2g (2 mega units) being given slowly, taking at least one minute for each 300 mg (0.5 mega unit) to avoid high levels causing irritation of the central nervous system and/or electrolyte imbalance.

What drug class is benzylpenicillin?

Use during pregnancy is generally the penicillin and β-lactam class of medications. Benzylpenicillin is on the World Health Organization’s List of Essential Medicines….Benzylpenicillin.

Clinical data
show IUPAC name
CAS Number 61-33-6 (free acid) 69-57-8 (sodium salt)
PubChem CID 5904

Is benzylpenicillin the same as amoxicillin?

by Drugs.com The main difference between amoxicillin and penicillin is that amoxicillin is effective against a wider spectrum of bacteria compared with penicillin. Both amoxicillin and penicillin belong to the class of antibiotics called penicillins.

Why can’t benzylpenicillin be taken orally?

Oral penicillin G is no longer used because it is subject to degradation in the presence of stomach acid. Penicillin V and amoxicillin have chemical structures that enhance their stability in acidic environments and result in improved oral absorption (bioavailability).

Why is penicillin not given IV?

Penicillin G benzathine and penicillin G procaine injection should never be given intravenously (into a vein), because this may cause serious or life-threatening side effects or death.

Is penicillin stronger than amoxicillin?

A common assumption about these two medications is that Augmentin is simply a stronger version of amoxicillin but that isn’t quite accurate. Augmentin contains a second active ingredient, which makes it more appropriate for treating certain infections than others.

What antibiotic is similar to penicillin?

Keflex (cephalexin) belongs to a class of antibiotics called cephalosporins. They are similar to penicillin in action and side effects. They stop or slow the growth of bacterial cells by preventing bacteria from forming the cell wall that surrounds each cell.

What are common uses of penicillin?

A penicillin shot can be used to treat numerous bacterial infections depending on the individual bacteria strain’s resistance to this antibiotic shot. It can be used to treat strep throat, syphilis, and infections caused by dog bites. It can also treat some forms of bacterial pneumonia and bacterial meningitis.

What are the side effects of penicillin injection?

Side effects of penicillin antibiotics include diarrhea, dizziness, heartburn, insomnia, nausea, itching, vomiting, confusion, abdominal pain, easy bruising, bleeding, rash, and allergic reactions.