What was the main purpose for European colonization of Australia?
The new colony was intended to alleviate overcrowding in British prisons, expand the British Empire, assert Britain’s claim to the territory against other colonial powers, and establish a British base in the global South.
When did Europe colonize Australia?
European settlement. The British government determined on settling New South Wales in 1786, and colonization began early in 1788.
What was the first European country to colonize Australia?
While Indigenous Australians have inhabited the continent for tens of thousands of years, and traded with nearby islanders, the first documented landing on Australia by a European was in 1606. The Dutch explorer Willem Janszoon landed on the western side of Cape York Peninsula and charted about 300 km of coastline.
What was the Colonisation of Australia?
From 1788, Australia was treated by the British as a colony of settlement, not of conquest. Aboriginal land was taken over by British colonists on the premise that the land belonged to no-one (‘terra nullius’).
Who colonized Australia and why?
The rise of the British empire in Australia He landed in Australia in 1770 and claimed it as a British territory. The process of colonisation began in 1788. A fleet of 11 ships, containing 736 convicts, some British troops and a governor set up the first colony of New South Wales.
What if Australia was never colonized?
Without colonisation, modern technology still would have found its way to our shores just like it has in countries such as Fiji, Solomon Islands & Papua New Guinea etc. Industrialisation & mining however would be nowhere near the levels that we see today and we would be better off for it.
What would happen if Europeans never colonized?
If Europeans never colonized and invaded America, the native nations and tribes would continue to interact in trade. Eventually, trade with East Asia and Europe would introduce new technologies and animals into the continent and tribes would quickly grow into nations.
Did the British or Europeans colonise Australia?
The history of Australia from 1788 to 1850 covers the early colonial period of Australia’s history, from the arrival in 1788 of the First Fleet of British ships at Sydney, New South Wales, who established the penal colony, the scientific exploration of the continent and later, establishment of other Australian colonies. European colonisation created a new dominant society in Australia in place of the pre-existing population of Aboriginal Australians
Why was Great Britain colonized Australia?
One of the main reasons for the British government to establish the colonization in Australia was caused by the need to the government to reduce the overcrowding convicts in the prison system in Britain. The people believe that there were other reasons for transporting the convicts to Australia.
What were the first Europeans in Australia called?
The first Europeans to land in Australia were Dutch sailors in the 1600s. In 1606 Dutch captain Willem Janszoon and his ship Duyfken sailed along the western coast of Cape York Peninsula in search of new trading areas. Captain Janszoon and his crew landed at a place they named Cape Keerweer, which means “turn around” in Dutch.
How did Australia become colonized?
In the 1830s, the southern part of New South Wales, which later became the colony of Victoria (1851), was occupied by sheepmen from farther north and from Van Diemen’s Land. Thus, this portion of Australia was originally settled by migration within Australia.