What is the difference between macrovascular and microvascular?

What is the difference between macrovascular and microvascular?

Diabetic microvascular (involving small vessels, such as capillaries) and macrovascular (involving large vessels, such as arteries and veins) complications have similar etiologic characteristics.

What are macrovascular diseases?

Macrovascular disease: Disease of the large blood vessels, including the coronary arteries, the aorta, and the sizable arteries in the brain and in the limbs. Macrovascular disease is by contrast to microvascular disease.

Is PVD micro or macrovascular?

PVD was confirmed by arteriography. Other macrovascular complications were collected, including: adverse cardiovascular events (myocardial infarction, angina, etc.) and stroke. Microvascular complications were, also, collected: retinopathy, nephropathy, and peripheral neuropathy.

What causes the chronic microvascular and macrovascular complications of diabetes mellitus?

The chronic complications are mainly the result of longstanding damage to blood vessels. These complications are grouped as microvascular due to basement membrane thickening or macrovascular due to accelerated atherosclerosis. The major microvascular complications are diabetic retinopathy, nephropathy, and neuropathy.

What are the signs and symptoms of microvascular disease?

What are the signs and symptoms of coronary microvascular disease?

  • shortness of breath.
  • sleep problems.
  • fatigue.
  • lack of energy.

What is microvascular damage?

Microvascular complications of diabetes are those long-term complications that affect small blood vessels. These typically include retinopathy, nephropathy, and neuropathy.

How is macrovascular disease treated?

Macrovascular complication (cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, peripheral vascular) can be prevented with some intervention strategies eg, discouraging smoking habit, proper diet, regular physical activity, strict glycaemic and blood pressure control, lowering low density lipoprotein cholesterol level and aspirin therapy …

Is neuropathy a microvascular disease?

Classic microvascular pathologies include retinopathy, nephropathy, and neuropathy, but brain, myocardium, skin, and other tissues are also affected.

What are the symptoms of microvascular brain disease?

If small vessel disease causes a stroke, symptoms can include:

  • numbness or weakness, especially on one side of the body.
  • sudden confusion.
  • trouble speaking or understanding.
  • vision loss in one or both eyes.
  • dizziness.
  • loss of balance or coordination.
  • sudden, severe headache.

How can you prevent microvascular and macrovascular disease?

What causes microvascular disease?

Causes and risk factors. The cause of microvascular ischemic disease isn’t completely understood. It can be the result of plaque buildup and hardening (atherosclerosis) that damages the small blood vessels nourishing the brain.

What are changes in microvascular ischemic?

Microvascular ischemic disease is a term that’s used to describe changes to the small blood vessels in the brain . Changes to these vessels can damage white matter – the brain tissue that contains nerve fibers and serves as the connection point to other parts of the brain.

What is chronic microvascular ischemic disease?

Answer Wiki. Chronic microvascular ischemic disease usually refers to the blockage of tiny blood vessels in the brain, either because of clots or ruptures. The lack of blood flow causes the surrounding tissue to die off, similar to what happens in a stroke. In fact, this disease can be thought of as a series of tiny strokes happening over time.

Is microvascular angina serious?

While most people with microvascular angina have a favorable prognosis – in that the risk of acute coronary syndrome caused by microvascular angina is quite low – it is not uncommon for the chest pain produced by this condition to be a significant, and sometimes disabling, problem.