How do you perform an ankle exam?

How do you perform an ankle exam?

Note any discontinuity in the tendon suggestive of rupture.

  1. Assess the temperature of the joints.
  2. Palpate dorsalis pedis pulse.
  3. Palpate posterior tibial pulse.
  4. Squeeze the metatarsophalangeal joints.
  5. Palpate the tarsal bones.
  6. Palpate the calcaneus.
  7. Palpate the medial malleolus.
  8. Palpate the lateral malleolus.

What is the ankle test?

What is an ankle brachial index test? The ankle brachial index, or ABI, is a simple test that compares the blood pressure in the upper and lower limbs. Health care providers calculate ABI by dividing the blood pressure in an artery of the ankle by the blood pressure in an artery of the arm.

How many joints are in the ankle?

Although it is typically referred to as a single joint, the ankle is actually two joints: The true ankle joint, which is composed of three bones: the tibia, the larger and stronger of the two lower leg bones, which forms the inside part of the of the ankle.

How do you heal a sprained ankle overnight?


  1. Rest. Avoid activities that cause pain, swelling or discomfort.
  2. Ice. Use an ice pack or ice slush bath immediately for 15 to 20 minutes and repeat every two to three hours while you’re awake.
  3. Compression. To help stop swelling, compress the ankle with an elastic bandage until the swelling stops.
  4. Elevation.

What tests are done for ankle sprains?

Imaging Tests

  • X-rays. X-rays provide images of dense structures, such as bone.
  • Stress x-rays. In addition to plain x-rays, your doctor may also order stress x-rays.
  • Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scan.
  • Ultrasound.

Why do doctors touch your ankles?

We check your legs and feet to look for swelling. People with heart or liver disease may have fluid back-up in their legs, but it can also be a sign of infection or blood clots. We also check the pulses in your feet and look for any skin problems.

What is the Ottawa ankle test?

The Ottawa ankle rules are a clinical decision-making strategy for determining which patients require radiographic imaging for ankle and midfoot injuries. Proper application has high (97.5%) sensitivity and reduces the need for radiographs by ~35% 1,2,4 . There are two components, assessing for ankle and midfoot fractures.

What is a cotton test ankle?

Cotton test. (kŏt′n) A manual stress test used to identify the amount of lateral translation of the talus within the ankle mortise. The examiner stabilizes the proximal ankle while shifting the talus laterally.

What is an external rotation of the ankle?

The rotator cuff in your shoulder permits both internal and external rotation of the shoulder. The ankle joint allows you to circle your foot outward in external rotation, or inward for internal rotation.

What is a general physical exam?

A full physical examination is a general examination of the body performed by the doctor or general practitioner (GP). The examination will cover most of the basic systems of the body, including the heart system, lung system, gut system and nerve system examination.