What was the factory movement?
The system arose in the course of the Industrial Revolution. The factory system replaced the domestic system, in which individual workers used hand tools or simple machinery to fabricate goods in their own homes or in workshops attached to their homes.
Who invented the factory system?
Discover how Richard Arkwright kick-started a transformation in the textiles industry and created a vision of the machine-powered, factory-based future of manufacturing.
How did the factory system change history?
The factory system had a large impact on society. Before the factory system, most people lived on farms in the countryside. With the formation of large factories, people began to move to the cities. Cities grew larger and sometimes became overcrowded.
What was the appeal of the factory system?
Economies of scale – Factories produced products on a much larger scale than the putting out or crafts systems. Because factories could oversupply local markets, access to transportation was important so that goods could be widely distributed.
What did factory owners do to prevent unions from forming?
What did factory owners do to prevent unions from forming? They only hired workers who promised they would not join a union. They used force to end union activities.
What was the Factory Act of 1802 and why was it ineffective?
The acts regulated the working conditions of children and adolescents in the textile industry; for example, children under nine were forbidden to work, and those between the ages of nine and 16 were allowed to work only a 12-hour day and were not permitted to work at night.
What is a factory in history?
Factories set hours of work and the machinery within them shaped the pace of work. Factories brought workers together within one building to work on machinery that they did not own. They also increased the division of labor, narrowing the number and scope of tasks. The early textile factories employed many children.
What was the factory Act of 1802 and why was it ineffective?
What impact did interchangeable parts have?
Interchangeable parts, popularized in America when Eli Whitney used them to assemble muskets in the first years of the 19th century, allowed relatively unskilled workers to produce large numbers of weapons quickly and at lower cost, and made repair and replacement of parts infinitely easier.
What is the main reason the putting out system gave way to the factory system?
Q. What is the main reason the “putting-out” system gave way to the factory system in the British textile industry? The factory system produced better quality cloth. The factory system did not require a natural supply of water power.
What is the best explanation of why factory owners and management wanted to prevent unions from forming quizlet?
What is the best explanation of why factory owners and management wanted to prevent unions from forming? They feared workers would violently revolt. They felt it was in the best interest of the workers to wait for gradual change. Organized workers might demand changes that would increase profits.