What Animals Can Get Streptococcus pneumoniae?
On the other hand animals like horses and guinea pigs seem to be affected by their ‘own’ specific pneumococcal clones. The fact that pets like cats, dogs, guinea pigs, rats and mice are possible carriers of pneumococcal strains, and in many cases of the same ST/serotype combinations as human isolates, is worrisome.
How does Streptococcus pneumoniae cause infection?
Pneumococcal disease is caused by common bacteria (Streptococcus pneumoniae) that can attack different parts of the body. When these bacteria invade the lungs, they can cause pneumonia; when they invade the bloodstream, they can cause sepsis; and when they invade the covering of the brain, they can cause meningitis.
Where does Streptococcus pneumoniae infect?
S. pneumoniae can infect the lungs (pneumonia) or ears (otitis media), but it is considered “invasive” when it is found in the blood, spinal fluid (e.g., meningitis), or other site that normally does not have bacteria present.
What is the function of Streptococcus pneumoniae?
Streptococcus pneumoniae is an infectious pathogen responsible for millions of deaths worldwide. Diseases caused by this bacterium are classified as pneumococcal diseases. This pathogen colonizes the nasopharynx of its host asymptomatically, but overtime can migrate to sterile tissues and organs and cause infections.
Which animal is used for pathogenicity test in Streptococcus pneumoniae?
Generally, rabbit models are used to study pneumococcal pneumonia and sepsis pathogenesis and test drug efficacy.
What kind of animal can get Streptococcosis?
Others may cause disease (sometimes severe) in both people and animals. What animals can get streptococcosis? The animals most commonly aﬀ ected with streptococcosis are horses, guinea pigs, swine, dogs, cats, and ﬁ sh. Less frequently disease can occur in monkeys, cattle, sheep, goats, ferrets, poultry.
Can a person get strep from an animal?
Yes. People can get streptococco- sis; the majority of infections occur from exposure to other people infected with Streptococcusbacteria or from “strep” organisms entering through wounds (direct contact), aerosol, or sometimes by ingestion (oral). Getting “strep” infections from animals are very rare.
Are there any cases of Streptococcus pneumoniae in Canada?
Variable susceptibility to: penicillin, tetracycline, cefotaxime, levofloxacin, erythromycin, and fluoroquinolones, moxifloxacin and gatifloxacin, telithromycin, vancomycin, linezolid 78 documented cases since 1999. Canadian MSDS Small Notify others working in the lab. Allow aerosols to settle. Don appropriate PPE.
Can a zoonotic streptococci be found in humans?
The zoonotic streptococci can usually be found worldwide in their animal hosts but human infections have, in some cases, been reported only in limited geographic regions. S. suis is present in pigs in the U.S. but human cases have not been seen. Most S. iniae infections have, to date, been reported in North America.