What does ostial mean in medical terms?
: a mouthlike opening in a bodily part (such as a fallopian tube or a blood vessel)
What is severe ostial disease?
Ostial disease. Specialty. Cardiology. Ostial disease, namely coronary ostial stenosis, is the occlusion of coronary ostium. Causing factors include atherosclerosis, syphilis, Kawasaki disease, and Takayasu’s arteritis, etc.
What is meant by coronary ostial stenosis?
Coronary ostial stenosis is a rare but potentially serious sequela after aortic valve replacement. It occurs in the left main or right coronary artery after 1% to 5% of aortic valve replacement procedures. The clinical symptoms are usually severe and may appear from 1 to 6 months postoperatively.
What is ostial location?
In human cardiovascular system: Blood supply to the heart. The ostium, or opening, of the right coronary artery is in the right aortic sinus and that of the left coronary artery is in the left aortic sinus, just above the aortic valve ring.
What does ostial mean in cardiology?
An ostial lesion is defined as a lesion which begins within 3-5 mm of the origin of a major epicardial artery. Ostial lesions represent a challenge to the interventional cardiologist because they often involve the wall of the aorta, they are often calcified, they may not fully dilate and they are prone to restenosis.
What is LCX disease?
Abstract. Background: Ostial disease of the left anterior descending (LAD) or circumflex (LCX) coronary artery is a challenge for the interventionalist. Focal ostial stenting may result in incomplete lesion coverage or plaque shift into the adjacent vessel, creating left main equivalent disease.
How is triple vessel disease treated?
Coronary artery bypass graft (CABG) is the treatment of choice in patients of diabetes with triple vessel disease (TVD).
What is coronary arteritis?
Inflammation of the wall of the coronary arteries, leading to coronary artery necrosis, aneurysm, and/or thrombosis. Its clinical complications include myocardial infarction, ischemic cardiomyopathy, and heart failure. It has been associated with infectious causes, vasculitides, and autoimmune diseases.
What is your ostium?
An ostium (plural ostia) in anatomy is a small opening or orifice.