# How do you do a MANOVA in SPSS?

## How do you do a MANOVA in SPSS?

MANOVA in SPSS is done by selecting “Analyze,” “General Linear Model” and “Multivariate” from the menus. As in ANOVA, the first step is to identify the dependent and independent variables. MANOVA in SPSS involves two or more metric dependent variables.

The problem is that these models can’t identify patterns in multiple dependent variables. This restriction can be very problematic in certain cases where a typical ANOVA won’t be able to produce statistically significant results. Let’s compare ANOVA to MANOVA.

### What is a MANOVA test used for?

The general purpose of multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) is to determine whether multiple levels of independent variables on their own or in combination with one another have an effect on the dependent variables. MANOVA requires that the dependent variables meet parametric requirements.

What does a MANOVA tell you?

The one-way multivariate analysis of variance (one-way MANOVA) is used to determine whether there are any differences between independent groups on more than one continuous dependent variable. In this regard, it differs from a one-way ANOVA, which only measures one dependent variable.

#### What is two-way MANOVA?

Independent groups (in a two-way MANOVA) are groups where there is no relationship between the participants in any of the groups. Most often, this occurs simply by having different participants in each group. This is generally considered the most important assumption (Hair et al., 2014).

What do you do after MANOVA?

There are at least five types of follow-up analyses that can be done after a statistically significant MANOVA. These include multiple univariate ANOVAs, stepdown analysis, discriminant analysis, dependent variable contribution, and multivariate contrasts.

## What are the assumptions of MANOVA?

In order to use MANOVA the following assumptions must be met: Observations are randomly and independently sampled from the population. Each dependent variable has an interval measurement. Dependent variables are multivariate normally distributed within each group of the independent variables (which are categorical)

What is a MANCOVA test used for?

Multivariate analysis of variance (MANOVA) and multivariate analysis of covariance (MANCOVA) are used to test the statistical significance of the effect of one or more independent variables on a set of two or more dependent variables, [after controlling for covariate(s) – MANCOVA].