## What is part to part variation in Gage R&R?

Part to Part variation is used in the study to detect distinct catorgories that your gage is able distinguish. You can have a good R&R and if the number of distinct catorgories is less than 3 (usually shoot for at least 4) then the gage can not determine one part from another.

**How do you find the part of variation?**

Rpc-avg is the range between the average part measurements (i.e. using the average of each part, including all trials of the selected Appraisers, calculate the difference between the largest average and the smallest average part size). d2* is based on the sample size n = the number of parts and number of samples k = 1.

### What is study variation in Gage RR?

In gage R&R, study variation (Study Var) is the amount of variation caused by the measurement system and by the differences between parts. It is calculated as 6 * the standard deviations of each source of variation.

**What are the phases of a Gage R&R Study?**

The Gage R&R is a tools used in the Measure phase of a Six Sigma project. The R’s represent Repeatability and Reproducibility. Before the data analysis phase begins, the Six Sigma GB/BB should understand the variation caused by the measurement system (devices) and be able to quantify this variation.

## What is meant by part to part variation?

Part-to-Part: The variability in measurements due to different parts.

**Why is NDC less than 5?**

The AIAG MSA manual says the ndc should be greater than or equal to 5. The thought behind this specification is that process control only makes sense in case you are able to divide the process into at least 5 distinct cate- gories of measured values based on the ndc.

### What is the difference between partial variation and direct variation?

A direct variation is a proportional relationship (i.e., as one variable changes, the other variable changes at the same rate. The initial value is zero). A partial variation has an initial value that is not zero and a constant rate of change.

**What is within piece variation?**

Within piece: variations within a single instance of a product. Also known as positional variation. Piece to piece: variations that occur between different instances of the same product. Also known as cyclical variation.

## What is a Type 3 gage study?

MSA’s type III study is applied when measurement system will be influenced by equipment variance mainly. In general, the minimum sample size shall be at least 30 (10 non-destructive different samples measured for at least three times by same operator and same equipment) to have close to the normal distribution.

**How do you calculate repeatability?**

To get reliable results for repeatability, you must be able to perform the same procedure multiple times. Sum up these squared differences and divide by the number of results minus one, then take the square root of that quotient.